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Trees & Other Things

by Valerie Nusbaum

It’s mid-summer, and since we had a rather wet spring season, things around here have been growing like mad. Randy and I like to have our mature trees pruned every couple of years for safety reasons, and since neither of us likes heights or is much of a climber, we hire a tree service to do the job for us. We use a licensed, reliable local service and have been very pleased with the work we’ve had done over the years.

The other evening, Mike, the owner of the tree service, stopped by to take a look at the work we wanted to be done so that he could give us an estimate.

Randy walked Mike through our yard and talked with him about the various stuff growing here. Mike pointed to the English walnut tree beside our house and commented that it looks very healthy, surprisingly so since those trees don’t always do well in our area. Randy mentioned that the tree had come to us in a tiny flower pot from my dad many years ago. Randy expressed his disappointment that the tree has never borne nuts. We weren’t sure if we need a second tree in order for the two to cross-pollinate, or if the army of squirrels and the bevy of birds living with us have been pilfering and plundering.

Mike laughed and said that it’s very unlikely that we’ll ever see walnuts on that tree since it’s a white ash. Well!

That reminds me of my mother-in-law, Mary, who had a way with all plants, vegetables, and flowers. Hers were always taller, bigger, and stronger than anyone else’s. Her gardens were prolific, so she was constantly digging up things and toting the plants up here for me to plant and, ultimately, kill. Mary handed me several green, leafy, kind of stinky things and pronounced that she was gifting me with mint plants.

I dutifully planted those things in my herb garden and around our deck because I’d read that mint repels mosquitoes and other insects, and no matter what I did, I couldn’t kill the stuff. I will say this about that: the “mint” may have repelled insects, but it sure did attract cats.  It finally dawned on me that the mint was actually catnip the day I found the neighbor’s cat passed out on my garden bench from over-indulging. My mother still laughs about the day Ol’ Jasper got up off the bench and staggered home, high as a kite.

Moving on from plant material, here’s a moral dilemma for you:  You go to a fast food restaurant drive-thru and order food and drinks. After you pay, your order gets passed to you through the pickup window in a bag, so chances are you give it a cursory look-see to make sure it’s all there and then you go on home. Once you get home and start to divvy up your takeout, you discover that the restaurant has given you six chicken nuggets instead of the four you ordered. What do you do?

Do you let it be? You’ve likely been to that same restaurant and gotten home to find that something was missing from your order. It all balances out in the end.

Do you drive back to the restaurant to pay for the extra pieces? It’s several miles from your home, and your food is getting cold.

Do you, the next time you go to the restaurant, tell the person at the drive-thru that you got extras last time and offer to pay the difference?

The way in which you would handle that situation says a lot about you, your morals, and your character. I’m just messing with you. The nuggets weren’t for me, and I had no idea how many were actually in the box until Mom told me later that she’d put three of them away because six were too many. What?  She’s 90 years old, and if she wants a chocolate milkshake and chicken nuggets for lunch, she can have it.

Randy and I ran into a former classmate of his one day while we were in Dollar Tree. Shirley, let me assure you that Randy is mostly clueless when it comes to recognizing people. It wasn’t you.  Now, I’m pretty sure that you and I have met before, maybe in that same store, and maybe more than once.  I remember having a conversation with you in the past. I don’t always recognize faces, particularly these days when we’re wearing masks half the time. And, my nouns tend to escape me, so I’m not great with names either. But, other things do trigger memories. 

As I told poor Shirley after she’d introduced herself to my oblivious hubby, he tends to think every actress with dark hair is Sandra Bullock, who, by the way, is his hall pass.

Whatever Randy’s shortcomings, he is a good guy. I don’t say it often enough, but I’m very lucky to have him. He usually recognizes me when he sees me, and he doesn’t care that I have a whole list of hall passes. He knows I wouldn’t follow through, even if Justin Hartley gave me the go-ahead, which he wouldn’t. I’m not so sure about Sandra Bullock, though. She might be smart enough to know a good thing when she sees one.

Maybe I should tear up Randy’s pass.

by James Rada, Jr.

August 1922, 100 Years Ago

Want Bank At Summit

A movement to start a bank at Blue Ridge Summit near the Frederick and Washington county line has been launched by certain business men of the vicinity, including a number of Baltimoreans who have homes at the resort during the summer, and a meeting for the purpose of starting the preliminary organization was held Friday evening. Dr. Stanley, of Baltimore presided over the meeting and explained the project.

                                          – Catoctin Clarion, August 31, 1922

“Booze Powders” Declared Frauds

Home brewers and anti-Volsteadeans, beware the “booze powder”, is the warning sent broadcast by the Post Office Department in a recent circular. For stemming a tide-of “dehydrated” alcoholic beverages of reminiscent names is a steady job of the fraud section of the department.

Using the reputation of German chemists certain German concerns have distributed hundreds of thousands of circulars in the United States, offering for “one dollar only, Rhine wine, Moselle, Sherry, Port, Bordeaux, Burgundy, Tokay, Munich beer, Pilsner, Porter ale, etc.,” in a dried form say the Post Office Department. From the powder a gallon or two of the beverages indicated on the package can be made, the spurious circulars claim.

                                          – Catoctin Clarion, August 31, 1922

August 1947, 75 Years Ago

Family Reunion Is Held At Mt. Tabor

On July 27 the Conrad Smith reunion was held at Mt. Tabor Park, Rocky Ridge, for the second annual meet since 1940, which recessed due to war conditions at that time. There were 138 members present.”

                                          – Frederick News, August 5, 1947

Many Jobs Of Roads Board Under Way

Federal aid construction jobs are progressing rapidly and L. R. Waesche and Son have completed the LeGore-Rocky Ridge road while the M. J. Grove Company is making rapid progress on paving the road that will connect Johnsville with New Midway.

                                     – Frederick News, August 29, 1947

August 1972, 50 Years Ago

Mount Saint Mary’s Readies For Coed Opening; Has Record Enrollment

Mount Saint Mary’s College, with 128 women comprising a large segment of a record enrollment, will begin its first year as a coed college next week.

According to Registrar Guy A. Baker, Jr., over 1,200 students are expected to register for the 1972-73 academic year, surpassing last year’s all-time high of 1150. Of this total, 98 women will be living on campus, making this the first resident coed enrollment in the Mount’s 165 year history.

                                          – Emmitsburg Chronicle, August 24, 1972

Lions Discuss Town Mail Delivery

The Emmitsburg Lions Club held its regular meeting Monday, August 14, with Acting President Norman Flax presiding. The club discussed the feasibility requesting door to door mail service in Emmitsburg. It was pointed out that such service is dependent upon having sidewalks throughout the town and correct house numbers.

                                          – Emmitsburg Chronicle, August 24, 1972

August 1997, 25 Years Ago

Garden Club Celebrates 40th Anniversary

The Silver Fancy Garden Club celebrated 40 years of membership in the Federated Garden Clubs of Maryland with a luncheon on July 17 at the Trinity Lutheran Church in Taneytown.

The club, whose members are from the Emmitsburg-Taneytown area, was organized in 1954 and federated July 18, 1957. Today it has 20 active members, six associate members, and two honorary members.

                                          – The Emmitsburg Regional Dispatch, August 1997

Dot Davis and The Palms Reunited

The Palms Restaurant recently welcomed the return of co-owner Dot Davis to its busy kitchen. Ms. Davis, a well known resident of Emmitsburg, stated she is happy to be involved again in the day-to-day operations of the business. The restaurant has been in existence for thirty-five years, making it a landmark of the downtown area. The Davis family has maintained ownership in the restaurant since 1962.

                                          – The Emmitsburg Regional Dispatch, August 1997

1921        Thurmont School’s First 7th Grade Graduation Ceremony

In 1921, the Thurmont community had two school graduations: one for the high school students and one for the grade school students.

“For the first time in the history of our schools, a Seventh Grade public commencement will be held in Town Hall, this place,” the Catoctin Clarion reported at the beginning of June 1921.

The high school and grade school were both in the same building on East Main Street, but they taught different curricula. The two operations had originally merged into a consolidated school in 1910; but after a severe windstorm damaged the building in 1914, a new school was constructed on 1916.

By 1921, the staff had decided that the grade-school students deserved a ceremony to mark them moving from grade school to high school. The first grade school commencement was held on June 4 at 8:00 p.m.

Although primarily for Thurmont students, students from other schools were allowed to take part. The seventh graders graduating included 31 students from Thurmont, 4 from Sabillasville School, 3 from Grove Academy, 3 from Foxville School, and 2 from Catoctin Furnace School.

The program was under the direction of L. D. Crawford, a teacher at the Thurmont School.

“Mr. Crawford is a teacher loved by every student who enters his classroom and is one who gets results in whatever he undertakes,” the Catoctin Clarion reported.

All the students sang “Sailing” as the opening song for the ceremony. This was followed by student Isabel Shaffer welcoming everyone. Mary Roddy then shared the class vision, and Virginia White explained the reason the class chose green and white to represent it. The student chorus then sang “Over the Summer Sea.” Ethel Creager presented the class motto: “To thine own self be true,” and Nellie Bowers explained why the daisy was the class flower. Gladys Creager then read the class poem, “The Night Brings Out the Stars.”

Isabel Shaffer played an instrumental solo. Kathleen Weddle, Maude Spalding, Dorothy Weller, Updike Cady, Earle Lawyer, Russell Young, Ruth Eyler, and Lillian Baxter performed a playlet titled, “Under Sealed Orders. All the students then sang “Merrily, Merrily Sing.”

Professor Elmer Hoke, head of the Department of Education, Hood College, addressed the class. The diplomas were then presented to the seventh graders.

Class President Edward Foreman and Professor R. X. Day then spoke to the class. Finally, the students sang “Dixieland” and Gertrude Creager gave the valedictory address.

“To use the slang, we believe the crowd was ‘tickled to death’ with this seventh grade class and the program rendered by them,” the Catoctin Clarion reported afterward.

Thurmont High School under construction in 1915.

Photo Courtesy of

“Helping You Find Plants That Work”

by Ana Morlier

Unforgettable Garden Getaways

Happy summer, readers! Summer is quickly waning, and for many others like me, only two weeks of sweet summer freedom are left. If you’re like me, then you’ve been anxiously pondering how to make the most of the rest of your summer. I realized that vacations don’t always have to be far-flung tropical destinations with sandy shores or rustic mountainscapes. The same relaxation or thrill of a new place can be found closer than you think, and without the stress and extra cash needed to travel far. Today’s article is a roundup of my favorite garden vacation spots that can be enjoyed in a day! Each one promises adventure and enjoyment for all through a myriad of unique attractions (depending on the garden). Give yourself some clarity and fun through the haze of back-to-school shopping and scheduling by treating yourself to a trip to one (or all!) of these four family-friendly gardens.

Longwood Gardens, Kennett Square, PA

Though the trip can be a bit long (about 2-3 hours), the destination is worth the journey. The gardens feature a wide variety of attractions. The extensive conservatory hosts a variety of tropical plants that burst into colorful life in immersive landscapes. Parallel to the conservatory, large water fountains provide a spectacle to watch, especially during nighttime shows that see the fountains awash in light and synchronized to music. Longwood is also home to vast wildflower fields, natural treehouses (that are sure to delight children and kids-at-heart), topiaries, seasonal landscapes, a museum-house, and even live music. And that’s only naming a few features of this immense garden! Don’t worry about packing a lunch. Longwood offers a variety of delicious food, from wood-fired pizza and gourmet seasonal dishes at the cafe to high-brow cuisine at the 1984 restaurant. Want to do an adult night on the town? Longwood also features a beautiful beer garden, brimming with fine spirits and beautiful plants. There is truly something fun for everyone to enjoy. Tickets are a little pricey: general admission is $25.00, but the gardens are sprawling and endless, a perfect place to enjoy nature in all its glory. You can even bring a bit of Longwood home with you at the decently-priced gift shop that offers live plants. Longwood is open most days: Sunday, Monday, and Wednesday, from 10:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m.; and Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, from 10:00 a.m.-10:00 p.m.

Ladew Topiary Gardens, Monkton, MD

This beautiful 22-acre topiary garden is only two hours from Thurmont. Not only do the gardens feature ornate topiaries, but also include a nature trail, fountains, sculpture gardens, lily ponds, and a historic mansion museum. No need to power through the gardens until your feet are sore; the gardens feature a multitude of beautiful benches and chairs to stop, relax, and take in the sights. Other amenities include a butterfly house, yoga, camps for younger children, and informative presentations on plant life. To stay updated on these and other fun experiences, be sure to check the event schedule on General admission is $15.00 for adults, $10.00 for those 62 and older, $4.00 for ages 2 to 12, and free for children under 2. You can plan a visit anytime, Thursday through Tuesday (excluding Wednesday), between 9:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.

Brookside Gardens, Wheaton, MD

You can find a variety of gardens in this 50-acre estate, featuring an “Aquatic Garden, Azalea Garden, Butterfly Garden, Children’s Garden, Rose Garden, Japanese Style Garden, Trial Garden, Rain Garden, and the Woodland Walk… a Perennial Garden, Yew Garden, the Maple Terrace, and Fragrance Garden.” In addition, they also have two large conservatories, according to the website ( Not only is admission free, but it is only an hour away from Thurmont! Donations are encouraged in order to keep these beautiful gardens for all ages well-maintained. Explore the outdoor gardens every day of the week, from 6:30 a.m.-8:30 a.m, and enjoy the conservatories from 10:00 a.m.-5 p.m.

Lilypons Water Gardens, Adamstown, MD

These beautiful ponds are only a 30-minute drive from Thurmont and include free admission! The many ponds feature a plethora of local aquatic nature, including massive lily pads, wide varieties of lotus and lilies in stunning bloom, and beautiful birds specific to the aquatic habitat, as detailed by signs along the trails. A fair warning: Not all the trails are made of gravel or mowed, so wear galoshes, pants, or long socks to protect yourself from ticks and scratchy, long grass. Koi, aquatic plants/flowers, and other fish are available for purchase if you are especially inspired by the gardens. Most trails are generally unoccupied, so visiting offers a serene walk with lovely, lively lily pads to keep you company. Discover all that Lilypons has to offer, Tuesday through Saturday, from 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.

 I hope you take the time to visit at least one of these exquisite gardens! Each one is sure to provide stunning natural beauty, tranquility, and delight from discovery, no matter what age you or your loved ones are. Or, stay local and support the National Parks here in Maryland by visiting and donating. Want to re-read any of my old articles? Visit for archived articles or to suggest topics for me to write about.

Why Should I Use A Real Estate Agent to Sell My House?

By elle smith, realtor

J&B Real Estate, Inc.

I thought we would switch things up a bit this month. I usually go over the market and focus on what the industry is doing. Don’t worry, I will still share a market update. But first, let’s talk about the benefits of using a real estate agent to sell your home versus doing a For Sale by Owner (FSBO). Having been in a crazy seller’s market the past two years, a lot of people wonder why they need to hire a real estate agent to list and sell their homes. What does a real estate agent actually do, anyway?

Let’s start with numbers. According to Keeping Current Matter, an FSBO typically sells for on average $60,000-$90,000 LESS than when listed with a real estate agent. However, the time it took to sell an FSBO compared with a home listed with a real estate agent was about the same. So, if the amount of money you could get from listing with an agent isn’t enough motivation to hire a real estate agent, let’s talk about some intangible reasons.

Your agent acts as a buffer for you. Selling your home is an emotional journey, and negotiations can become challenging. An agent will give you a buffer when answering tough questions or negotiating on touchy topics such as price. Part of the negotiations is understanding all the terms associated with selling a home. Agents are trained to understand all parts of the transaction, including the offer/counter, the contract, contingencies, and closing schedules. They help explain the entire process to their clients and are there to research and answer questions throughout the transaction.

Your real estate agent knows the market and knows how to price your home appropriately. They have access to a wealth of data on prior home sales, features of those homes, length of time on the market, and if the price has been adjusted. Real estate agents have access to a Multiple Listing Service, an MLS. This system is the database all agents use to list homes to other agents. It is not available to the public. Only licensed real estate agents have access to this MLS system. When an agent lists a home, they put all the details of the home into the MLS. All of the features, benefits, remarks on the property, and tax information are included in the MLS listing. This is then available to all agents, and they can set up searches that automatically notify their buyers of new listings.

Real estate agents are the experts on trends and how and where to market a property. They can make suggestions and give you tips on what to do to prepare the house for selling. A lot of agents pay for professional photos, brochures, and flyers. They know what publications to advertise in to get the most visibility. They know which social media sites to post to and when to post them for the most views. Real estate agents know buyers who are looking, and they have access to an entire pool of buyers’ agents whose clients are searching for a home.

The bottom line is that hiring a real estate agent to sell your home is beneficial to you. They are the experts in the market and, statistically, will get you more money for your home. Hiring the right agent is important. Make sure to find one that understands your market, one that you click with, and one that will make selling your home a priority.

As promised, here is a quick market update. The market seems to be correcting itself and has been slowing for the past few weeks. This is typical of the summer months, with people going on vacation. But, we are seeing fewer offers over asking, fewer multiple-offers, higher interest rates, and homes on the market for an average of six days versus two days. We are still seeing multiple offers and over-asking price offers, just not as many as we had three months ago.

If you have been thinking of selling, it is still a great time, as our inventory is still lower than average. Talk to your agent about the market and what to expect when you are ready to list. Contact me if you have any questions about selling your house in this market. I’m always here to answer your real estate questions.

by Buck Reed

Too Many Tomatoes

If you are an amateur gardener, you know the joy of planting and tending to a plant that will provide you with something to eat. Just the idea that you tilled the soil and tended the plant yourself makes the fruits and vegetables from your garden taste so much better than anything you can buy in the store. However, the two words that will haunt you will happen if you do this long enough: bumper crop (an unusually abundant harvest from a particular crop). Sometimes, the gods smile down on you, the planets align, and your hard work yields far more of something from your garden that you find just too overwhelming a task to consume it all. That’s when you need to exercise your cooking muscles and expand that creative mind to use up all of what you planted in your garden, which I believe this year—as in most years—is tomatoes. Tomatoes are the most popular and number one grown vegetable in the world.

So, what to do with all those tomatoes that will appear this August. Let’s start with underripe tomatoes or what is referred to as green tomatoes. Fried green tomatoes is everyone’s go-to, and even have a book, play, and movie by the same name. Just harvest a few green tomatoes from the vine, clean them, and slice them thick or thin. Then, dredge them in seasoned flour, butter, milk, and some kind of crumb. I like Zatarain’s, but any seasoned bread crumb or corn meal, or combination of the two will do. Pan fry them until crisp and the tomato is cooked through (cooking time depends on how thick you cut the tomato). Once done, it makes an excellent appetizer or side dish to any entrée. Also, use them on your next sandwich and you will see why it is a favorite.

Next, there are soups. Obviously, cream of tomato is at the top of the list, and it is easy enough to make. Just get the seasoning correct and you are home free. Also consider gazpacho, which is begging for all of your excess peppers, zucchini, squash, and herbs to pair with your tomatoes, resulting in  a delicious, fresh cold soup for the hot days of August.

Salsa is another gardener’s favorite and can be served throughout the year in a variety of meals. Start with fresh salsa for your grilled fish or chicken recipes. Cooked salsas are also perfect for freezing, for when you need a reminder in the cold months of how good a horticulturist you are.

Now is the time to break out that dehydrator you got from your aunt as a wedding present and work its magic on your harvest. Slice the tomatoes and follow the manufacturer’s instructions till the tomatoes are dry but still flexible. Keep in a plastic bag and freeze until needed. These go great in salads, sauces, or just eat them like candy.

Okay, I did make a prediction about your crop this year. And even though it looks like I went out on a limb, you have to trust me. If you keep sticking plants in the dirt, you will get to a year you have way too much of something. You can try to give some of it away, and people will be grateful, but making good use of your produce is really what a good cook would do.

by Ava Morlier, Culinary Arts Writer

Happy August! Feeling bored and want a gourmet dish to try? Try making today’s recipe: crepes! Simple, easy to customize, and delicious, crepes are a favorite of many. They can be sweet or savory, allowing them to be enjoyed by many for both mealtimes and desserts. Savory crepes marry together salty goat cheese, tangy tomatoes, and herby basil in the filling to create a rich, well-balanced flavor in the crepe. The addition of a balsamic vinegar drizzle (if preferred) can help introduce a sweet and tangy flavor, further enhancing the flavor of the tomato. Impress friends and family alike with this world-renowned favorite. Enjoy making (and eating) these savory crepes!

Savory Crepes


For the Crepes:

2 large eggs

¾ c. milk

½ c. water

1 c. all-purpose flour

3 tbsp. melted butter

¼ tsp. salt

fresh basil

For the Filling:

1 oz. room-temperature goat cheese

1 tomato, thinly sliced

1 tbsp. minced fresh basil leaves

garnish (optional)

– fresh basil leaves

– balsamic vinegar


In a blender, combine the ingredients of the savory crêpes. Blend 7-10 seconds on high.

Put in fridge and let chill for 1 hour

Meanwhile, set out goat cheese in order to allow it to reach room temperature. On a cutting board, cut tomato into very thin slices with a serrated knife. Working on the other side of the cutting board, thinly cut the basil leaves (you can also shred the basil by hand to save on dishes). Once finished, put the tomatoes and basil in the refrigerator for later use.

Make the crêpes: On the stovetop, set a medium-sized skillet on medium heat. Add butter to coat the skillet when the skillet is warm.

Pour ¼ c. batter onto the middle of the skillet. Swirl batter around the skillet so it coats the entire surface of the skillet. Continue moving the batter until the crêpe is thick.

Set the skillet on the burner and let cook. Flip the crêpe when the edges of the crêpe curl inward. Once flipped, let cook for 10 seconds, then set on a plate. Place a paper towel on top, then cook the next crêpe. Repeat until all of the batter is used. Note: The first crêpe will not turn out well, and that is okay!

Once the crêpes are done, begin assembling the savory crêpe: spread room-temperature goat cheese across the surface of the crêpe with a butter knife. Put tomato slices on half of the crêpe and sprinkle on basil. Fold the crêpe in half, putting the top over the tomatoes. Take the top edge of the crêpe and fold over to make a triangle. Continue to fold over to make 1 large layered triangle. Cook folded crêpe in the skillet until lightly browned, 1-2 minutes per side.  Garnish as desired, drizzling on balsamic vinegar, if using, or sprinkle on fresh basil. Serve.

Tools Needed

Dry and liquid measuring utensils, blender, medium non-stick skillet, serrated knife, chef’s knife & cutting board, spatula, plate, spoons.

*With credit to the Video “Alton Brown Makes crêpes 3 ways l Good Eats l Food Network” by Food network on; Erin Alderson’s Gluten Free Oat crêpes with Tomatoes, Basil, and Goat cheese recipe on;, and “How to Fold crêpes” by wikihow staff on

by Richard D. L. Fulton

The Day Georgie Peach Helped Save 3,800 Prisoners

Walkersville may very well remember George Fisher, Sr. as a life member of the Walkersville Volunteer Fire and Rescue Company or his having been an active member of the United Methodist Church, the local Lions Club, or the Woodsboro American Legion Post.

But some 3,700 to 3,800 civilian prisoners being held by the Japanese Army in Manila during World War II might remember him for an entirely different reason: the day Fisher, aboard his tank, Georgia Peach, stormed the prison camp and helped liberate the prisoners from their brutal Japanese Army captors.

When Fisher joined the United States Army in Spring 1942 as a drummer in a regimental band with the 8th Armored Division, the raid to liberate Allied civilians being held as prisoners by the Japanese in Manila was three years away. He received his basic training at Fort Knox. A month and a half later, Fisher was sent to Fort Campbell, Kentucky, to assist in forming a regimental band as part of the 12th Armored Division. He remained there as a drummer in the regimental band and in the show and dance band.

But the frivolity, as such, was about to come to an end. In September 1943, the band was reduced in size, resulting in Fisher seeking reassignment, which landed him in the 44th Tank Battalion, a unit within the 12th Armored Division. In November, the 44th Tank Battalion was detached from the 12th Armored Division and, in March, was sent to Vancouver to prepare for deployment to the Pacific, a move that was executed in March 1944.

“We… boarded the Dutch ship S.S. Kota Baroe on March 22 and sailed unescorted for a period of 51 days before reaching our destination at Fanshawe, New Guinea,” Fisher stated in an interview.

The war officially commenced for Fisher in January 1945, when the 44th Tank Battalion was deployed along with the armed forces being sent to San Jacinto, Philippines, at the opening of the Luzon Campaign—making it the largest campaign in the Pacific war, involving more than 10 U.S. divisions.

General Douglas MacArthur, then commander of the Southwest Pacific, had become impressed with an ongoing prisoner rescue attempt and immediately ordered the formation of the “Flying Column,” with the orders to, “Go to Manila! Go over the Japs, go around the Japs, bounce off the Japs, but go to Manila! Free the prisoners at Santo Tomas…”

Fisher had been assigned to an M4 Sherman medium tank, which the crew had dubbed Georgia Peach, no doubt influenced by the fact that the tank’s commander was Sergeant Marvin Herndon, of Georgia, when orders were received to roll with the “Flying Column.”

As the column (a mere 700 men and their equipment) neared Santo Tomas, the bullets and shells began to fly, as Japanese resistance began to stiffen. Fisher described the ensuing chaos as seemingly “all Hell breaks loose, with the appearance of a fireworks display on the Fourth of July.”

Fisher stepped outside of his tank during a presumed lull and was immediately struck in the back by a fragment of shrapnel.  Regarding the injury, he said, “It was red hot, and that’s why it hurt so much, but it was a clean cut,” so the tank crew “just put on a bandage,” and he resumed his position in the tank.

The troops received word that the Japanese may well have been preparing to execute as many of the civilian prisoners as they could before they could be liberated, which further hastened the American column forward. Upon orders to charge the prison compound gates, the Georgia Peach and four other tanks broke into the compound, and the fight to free the civilian captives was over… except of course, the “Flying Column” and its thousands of liberated prisoners now themselves had to escape.

The column encountered a major Japanese fortified “roadblock” while executing their withdrawal, but in 20 minutes, reduced it to rubble, and the road “home” was cleared of resistance.

Fisher was awarded a Purple Heart, a Philippine Liberation Ribbon, a Good Conduct Medal, and an Asiatic Pacific Service Medal, and served as a president of the 44th Tank Battalion Association of WWII.

Fisher, a Bedford, Pennsylvania-born, life-long resident of Walkersville, and an honorary member of the Bay Area Civilian Ex-Prisoners of War, which had been bestowed upon him as a result of his participation in the 1945 rescue of the 3,800 civilians at Santa Tomas, passed away at the Montevue Assisted Living in Frederick, on July 11, 2000—23 days after his 100th birthday.

Corporal George Fisher, Sr. Courtesy of Family

George Fisher, Sr. and Georgia Peach. Source: Citations Magazine

Thurmont American Legion Post 168, Thurmont

We would like to thank all the supporters and volunteers that participated in our Golf Tournament. It was a success, and we can’t wait to have another one to support the Veterans.

The Thurmont Legion is forming a Legion Riders group. Don’t ride a motorcycle? No worries. You can enjoy the rides in your vehicle, while still supporting the cause. Applications are available at the Legion. To join, you must be a member of an American Legion, any Post. Be on the lookout for some fundraising raffles to support the Legion Riders.

The Auxiliary will be having its members’ picnic/meeting on Monday, August 15, at 6:00 p.m. Any Auxiliary member planning on attending is to bring a side dish or a dessert. We would love to see you there. The Auxiliary also has T-shirts for sale (they are very patriotic)! Send an email to if you would like to see a picture of the logo on the front and on the sleeve.

August will start our new year with new officers taking their positions in the Legion. The Legionnaires officers are: Commander—Nick Middendorff, 1st Vice Commander—Carie Stafford, 2nd Vice Commander—Debra Middendorff, Adjutant—Rick Hall, Finance—Gary Spegal, Chaplin—Alvin Hatcher, Judge Advocate—James Mackley, Sergeant at Arms—Allen Middendorff, Post Service Officer—Brian Burdette.

The Sons of the American Legion officers are: Commander—George Albright, Vice Commander—Danny Hurt, 2nd Vice—Donnie Etzler, 3rd Vice—Ed Culb, Adjutant—Lou Perrotti, Finance Officer—Brian Glass, Chaplin—Robbie Maze, Tony Cornejo—Sergeant at Arms.

The Auxiliary Officers are: President—Marsha Ridenour, 1st Vice—Tracey Burdette, 2nd Vice—Melissa Kinna, Secretary—Lisa Reed, Correspondence—Palma Willard, Historian—Joyce Glass, Chaplain—Bernadette Wurdarski, Treasurer—Alice Eyler, Sergeant at Arms—Tracey Burdette.

Once again, summer has gone way too fast, and the children will be returning to school. We would like to wish all the students a healthy and successful school year. If you are a junior or senior at Catoctin High School, check in with your guidance counselors periodically for scholarship information and other programs that the Legion has to offer.

The membership picnic will be held on Sunday, September 11. Tickets will go on sale after August 15. In order to attend the picnic, your 2022 dues must be paid and you must be 21 years of age.

Remember to check us out on Facebook: The American Legion 168. You will find kitchen specials and other events and happenings at the American Legion.

Francis X. Elder, American Legion Post 121, Emmitsburg

Submitted by Kevin Cogan, Commander Post No. 121

Hello and greetings from the Emmitsburg American Legion. We are in the process of updating and repairing our WW2 monument that stands out in front of the Post. If you know of any names on the monument that have been misspelled or were not added at the time the monument was placed, please inform the Post, so we can make the corrections and give Honor and Respect to our Veterans of that era. Thank You for your help with this project! Call the Post at 301-447-2274.

Richard D. L. Fulton

The multi-decade Veteran of the Maryland Army Reserve National Guard (MDARNG) addressed the attendees at the Monocacy Valley Memorial Post 6918-07, Harney, on May 28, concerning the significance of Memorial Day.

First Sergeant (retired) William Rosier told the individuals attending the Veterans of Foreign War Memorial Day Observance that millions of men and women have “given all” in the line of duty in service of their country since the American Revolution—up to and including the ongoing Global War on Terrorism.

Rosier noted that the first Memorial Day was held in the wake of the American Civil War in the South only a month after the end of that war.  Similar commemorations began to be held in other states as well. 

The special day received its first official name of Decoration Day, as ordered by the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) General John A. Logan in 1869, because it had been a day when, traditionally, individuals placed wreaths and flags upon the graves of those who had died in the service of their country.  The GAR was an organization of former Union soldiers and sailors. The day was not officially known as Memorial Day until 1967 and became widely celebrated by that name in 1968.

Rosier also discussed the meaning of coins, often seen having been left on the headstones of Veterans. The first sergeant noted that the pennies seen were left by general visitors who stop by the graves. Nickels are left by Veterans who had trained in the same boot camp as the deceased. Dimes are left by Veterans who had served together with the deceased in some capacity. Quarters are left by those who were present when the deceased was killed.

In closing, Rosier said the number of those who have died in the service of their country is not just a number, “each one of those numbers was a person, a husband or wife, a son or daughter, a brother or sister, an uncle or an aunt, a friend or a neighbor,” adding, “They all had their dreams and hopes for a future never to be realized.”

Rosier, a Veteran of the Global War on Terrorism (having been assigned to Iraq), served in the Navy from 1970 through 1972. After a five-year break in service, he entered the MDARNG, Battery “A,” 2nd 110th Field Artillery, in 1977. He subsequently retired in 2010.

Post Commander Larry Harris presided over the observance services.  Opening and closing prayers were presented by Pastor Peter Naschke. Wreaths were subsequently posted at the Memorial Monument. The Post Honor Guard then fired a 21-gun salute, and bugler Kate Irwin played Taps.

KODAK Digital Still Camera

Harney Post Commander Larry Harris (left) and First Sergeant (retired) William Rosier (right) at the recent Memorial Day event at the Monocacy Valley Memorial Post 6918-07.

Photo by Richard D.L. Fulton

by Dr. Thomas K. Lo, Advanced Chiropractic & Nutritional Healing Center

Omega-3 Fatty Acids & Why We Need Them

Omega-3 fatty acids are a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids that are important for a number of functions in the body. This makes them vital to your health and wellbeing. Every single cell in your body—and especially the tissues of your brain—require omega-3 fatty acids to function properly.

The two most important (that are often deficient in people today) are EPA and DHA, which are derived from fish and certain types of algae.

You find omega-3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA, in seafood, such as fatty fish (e.g., salmon, tuna, and trout) and shellfish (e.g., crab, mussels, and oysters). A different kind of omega-3, called ALA, is in foods like nuts and seeds (such as flaxseed, chia seeds, and walnuts). 

What Are the Benefits of Consuming a Diet Rich In Omega-3?

Omega-3 fatty acids are some of the most important nutrients you can put in your body. Not only are they extremely anti-inflammatory, but they actually make up some of the most important structures of the body, like your brain and nervous system. Not getting enough in your diet increases your risk of many chronic illnesses.

EPA and DHA are found in mother’s milk, algae, fish, and grass-fed meat products. EPA and DHA can be synthesized in the body from ALA; however, it is a very inefficient process and can put excess stress on the liver. ALA is derived from plant sources of omega-3, such as green plants, flax, chia, hemp, pumpkin seeds, and walnuts.

Omega-3 is most beneficial when consumed in proper ratios. The most important balance to consider is omega-3 fats in relation to omega-6 fats. Omega-6 fats are important for inflammatory processes in the body; however, consuming too much in relation to omega-3 can become excessively inflammatory.

Our cells actually need these fats in order to function properly. Every cell in the body is made up of a combination of cholesterol, saturated fats, and polyunsaturated fats.

Saturated fats and cholesterol help to maintain the structural integrity of the cell membrane, while polyunsaturated fats allow fluidity. This fluidity is important for the transportation of materials, cellular communication, and other processes that occur across the cell membrane. The polyunsaturated fats that make up part of our cell membranes are actually the omega-3 fats EPA and DHA.

Health Issues Can Improve When Consuming Omega-3

Depression and anxiety have been associated with something called neuroinflammation. This means inflammation in the brain. Because increasing omega-3 intake can be highly anti-inflammatory, this can make it an important consideration in anxiety and depression. This is backed up by several studies demonstrating the effectiveness of EPA and DHA in mitigating depressive symptoms.

Some evidence suggests that lower levels of omega-3 fatty acids are correlated with higher levels of corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH), which is normally released in response to stress. Chronically elevated CRH due to inadequate omega-3 intake could contribute to depressive or anxious feelings.

Some preliminary evidence from a study published by Oxford in 2014 suggests that higher levels of dietary omega-3 intake are associated with lower instances of insomnia and fewer interruptions in sleep. Another factor to consider is that chronic inflammation can have a detrimental impact on sleep quality due to increased levels of circulating stress hormones. Omega-3 intakes can help to mitigate inflammation and improve sleep by lowering associated stress hormones.

DHA is particularly important for the development and maintenance of eye health. DHA is found in high amounts in the retina where it plays important roles in maintaining photoreceptor membrane integrity and ensuring optimal production of vision through light transmission. Inadequate intake has also been associated with conditions of dry eyes and poor eye structure development in children. And low intake of omega-3 is associated with increased rates of macular degeneration and retinopathy. 

Poor immune function is often a result of chronic inflammation, especially in cases of autoimmunity (overactive immune system), so targeting underlying inflammation is extremely important for improving immune function. In fact, a study performed on children up to the age of three showed that adequate DHA early in life is important for lowering instances of allergies and upper respiratory infections.

Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly DHA, are incredibly important for the development of healthy brain tissue. It has been shown to provide many benefits such as improved cognition, lowered stroke risk, improved cerebral blood flow, improved ADD/ADHD symptoms, reduced migraines, and decreased risk of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Adequate omega-3 intake has been shown to be important for optimal bone health. Like several of the conditions listed so far, poor bone health is associated with chronic inflammatory conditions in the body. Additionally, omega-3 intake may improve bone health by helping to regulate calcium balance and osteoblast activity. It has been mostly animal-based studies pointing toward the importance of DHA for bone health.

Fish oil’s ability to mitigate inflammation has a powerful impact on the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. One of the primary heart conditions, calcification of the arteries, is heavily influenced by inflammation and improper calcium metabolism. Adequate omega-3 intake helps to promote a healthy calcium metabolism. The anti-inflammatory benefits of omega-3 fats further promote heart health by helping to prevent the oxidation of the artery lining and cholesterol.

Omega-3 fats have been shown to also improve cholesterol, triglyceride values, and may help to lower blood pressure in some cases.

What Are the Best Food Sources of Omega-3s?

Now that you understand the many benefits of increasing your intake of omega-3 fats, the best sources are getting plenty of EPA and DHA from food-based sources such as wild-caught fish, shellfish, and algae.

Some of the top sources include sockeye salmon, sardines, mackerel, mussels, crab, and algae. There can be some conversion of ALA into DHA from foods like walnuts, flax, and chia. Conversion of ALA into DHA is typically not enough to reach optimal levels, however.

It may be beneficial for vegans and vegetarians to consume high DHA algae on a regular basis to meet their needs.

If you are struggling with health issues, call the Advanced Chiropractic & Nutritional Healing Center at 240-651-1650 for a free consultation. Dr. Lo uses Nutritional Response Testing® to analyze the body to determine the underlying causes of ill or non-optimum health. The office is located at 7310 Grove Road #107 in Frederick. For more information, check out the website at

jEanne Angleberger, Shaklee Associate for a Healthier Life

Zucchini is a summer favorite — nutritious, and plentiful. It is also incredibly versatile: fried, grilled, stuffed, and tossed into any and every kind of dish. If you like Old Bay Seasoning, try making mock crab cakes using zucchini!

Zucchini is easy to grow and will produce enough for the neighborhood! The skins are dark and shiny. The average length of zucchini is approximately six to eight inches. They store well, whole and unwashed, in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to one week.

Sauté zucchini with onions and peppers. Add your favorite spices and seasonings. You can also steam zucchini and serve it with garden-fresh (or dried) basil, chives, or thyme. Some may prefer adding raw grated zucchini onto salads.

My kids’ favorite is frying slices of zucchini. Cut the zucchini into half-inch slices. Dredge slices in a beaten egg. Next, press the slices into cracker crumbs, coating on both sides. Put them into a pan and fry until the crust browns and the zucchini is tender.

Zucchini is low in calories, fat, and sugar, and is rich in multiple antioxidants, including lutein and zeaxanthin. It also contains several important nutrients: folate, vitamin B6 and B2, vitamin C, potassium, and manganese. One cup of raw, chopped zucchini is high in both soluble and insoluble fiber and has only 20 calories. Zucchini may also help lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Also, regular consumption of zucchini may help you lose weight; it is rich in water and has a low calorie density, which may help you feel full.

So, enjoy zucchini while it’s in season. Try your hand at planting it in your garden. It’s plentiful, and it’s also a great plant for beginners because it’s easy to grow.

 Add zucchini to your dinner menu and make it a summer favorite.

by Valerie Nusbaum

The Best Laid Plans

I’ve always been a planner.  That’s my nature. I make lists for everything and organize my life and projects down to the minute details.  If I’m hosting a party or an event, the plans begin months in advance and I prepare lists of guests, food, activities, and incidentals, along with a timeline telling me when I need to do all these things. People have frequently referred to me as anal, and I’ve taken it as a compliment. At least, this is the way I used to be.

Life has had other plans for me. Over the last decade or so, I couldn’t begin to list the number of things I’ve had to change, cancel, or reschedule. Trips have been canceled, concert tickets sold or unused, and lunches and dinners with friends are always subject to change. Even the weather is a factor in whether or not my plans come to fruition.

If you assume that flexibility and spontaneity (I had to look up the spelling) don’t come easily to me, you’re correct. I struggle with this issue daily, but I’m getting better at it because I know now that I can’t plan for much of anything; if I want to have any kind of fun, I have to grab it when and where I can.

Randy is also a planner and a list maker, but he’s always been more likely to say “yes” to a last-minute invitation or to roll with a change of plans. This might be, in part, because when we travel, he only takes one small piece of luggage containing a change of clothes and an extra pair of underwear, while I have to remember medicines, lotions for every body part, and enough makeup and hair products, as well as wardrobe options, for at least five kinds of weather.

 When I plan a dinner or a party, I make a list of things for Randy to do so he doesn’t have to think about it. To his credit, if I give that man a list of chores, he will run with it. I learned early on though, that I need to be specific. I can’t just say “peel potatoes” because I’ll return to the kitchen to find an entire 10-pound bag of potatoes peeled and waiting for me. I need to say “peel six potatoes, each the size of half your closed fist.” I use the fist reference because I know Randy has his fist with him and he won’t have to wander off looking for a softball and forget about the potatoes.

The mister and I love a good road trip, but lately, we’ve had to content ourselves with taking short ones.  There are so many local sights to see that we haven’t really missed those long drives and all the roadside attractions we’ve so enjoyed over the years. For example, we visited The Lion Pottery outside of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Admit it. You’ve seen all the little signs along Rt. 15 north, and you’ve wondered about the place selling mugs and fruit.  You should go and see for yourself.  There’s a similar set of signs along Rt. 32, heading toward Annapolis, advertising Jenny’s Market. Yep, we investigated that, too. Another day, we saw the signs and had to go to Mr. Ed’s Elephant Museum and Candy Emporium. It’s worth the trip, if only to see the elephant graveyard. Steve told us about a wonderful food truck in Littlestown, Pennsylvania. The truck is called “Melted” and features grilled cheese sandwiches in several iterations.  The food is delicious and reasonably priced, so you’re welcome.

Most recently, Randy and I took a semi-spontaneous quick trip to Ocean City, Maryland. I’d been invited to apply for a space in the O.C. Art League’s Arts Day event, and when I was accepted, Randy insisted that we go. This quick trip did involve quite a bit of planning because I had to send in a space fee in advance, we had to make a hotel reservation, and my brother needed to get a plane ticket and fly in from Montana to stay with our mother while I was away. We worried and agonized that the weather would be nasty since we’d be at an outdoor event. My brother texted me that his flight might be delayed because of storms outside Denver. So many things could have gone wrong, but for once, it all came together and we lucked out. The weather at the beach was gorgeous—unseasonably so for early June—and the event went well. My brother and our mom had a nice visit. 

It was a quick working trip, but Randy and I enjoyed ourselves and will store that one in our memory book. We both needed a few days away from the daily grind. On the way home, we spontaneously decided to stop at a restaurant on the Bay and get some steamed crabs to bring home. We stopped by Mom’s, and the men picked crabs until they couldn’t eat anymore.  Randy and I finished picking the crabs and made nine huge crab cakes which we enjoyed for several days. It was a lot of work but well worth the effort. And since the restaurant had given us extra crabs, we saved a bunch of money.

Sometimes things work out and sometimes they don’t. Our plan is to keep trying.

July 1922, 100 Years Ago

Phones Out

The storms of Saturday and Sunday played havoc with the telephone service in Thurmont. That of Saturday put a number of phones out of commission, and Sunday’s storm did still greater damage. They are being rapidly restored to usefulness.

                                          – Catoctin Clarion, July 6, 1922

Emmitsburg Now Under A Second Class Ruling

The volume of mail handled at the Emmitsburg postoffice for the past year, due in a large measure to the large enrollments at the two institutions—Mount St. Mary’s and St. Joseph’s Colleges—has advanced the standing from a third class to a second class office. This new arrangement went into effect July 1st. With this change, the office will now be under civil service and from a district postoffice, Emmitsburg will come under the head of a direct accounting postoffice.

                                          – Catoctin Clarion, June 1, 1922

July 1947, 75 Years Ago

Wild Dogs In Mountains

County authorities planned to leave this afternoon to seek extermination of a pack of wild dogs reported to be operating in the vicinity of Camp Airy, in the mountains near Thurmont. There was a report that one of the dogs had bitten a child in that section. The pack was reported as “vicious.”

                                          – Frederick News, July 22, 1947

Woman Fined After Wreck

Found guilty of reckless driving in connection with an accident near the State Sanatorium, at Sabillasville on June 17, in which four persons were injured. Mrs. Bessie R. Porter, Baltimore, was fined $10 and costs by Magistrate William J. Stoner in Thurmont Thursday.

A car driven by Mrs. Porter and a truck in which three residents of near Thurmont were riding, collided on Route 81. The truck turned over on the side and the driver, Herbert Biser, 18; his brother, Walter, 15, and Joseph Royer, 13, were so severely injured that they were hospitalized at Waynesboro, Pa. Royer had about 20 stitches taken in a head wound.

                                     – Frederick News, July 23, 1947

July 1972, 50 Years Ago

Littering Will Close Recreation Areas

It has been brought to the attention of the Mayor and Commissioners that abuse, especially by means of littering, is becoming more evident at Rainbow Lake and other town properties. At Rainbow Lake where fishing is allowed, a permit must be secured, either from the Police Department or at the Town Office. Should littering as well as vandalism continue, the area will be restricted from public use. In the meantime, the local police will check the area more frequently for such offenders.

                                          – Emmitsburg Chronicle, July 13, 1972

Sixes Dam Would Help Flood Control

State Senator Edward J. Mason has asked a U.S. Senate Public Works subcommittee to consider the possibility of including flood control capabilities in the proposed Sixes Bridge Dam in an effort to avert another flood disaster of the magnitude recently witnessed in Frederick and Carroll Counties.

Mason, Republican nominee for the Sixth District Congress, asked U.S. Senator B. Everett Jordan, chairman of the flood controls, rivers and harbors subcommittee, in a letter to consider the flood control possibility during hearings on the needs for the proposed Potomac River Basin dam.

                                          – Emmitsburg Chronicle, July 13, 1972

July 1997, 25 Years Ago

County Officials Get An Earful at Town’s School Meeting

Emmitsburg residents and town officials made it very clear at the meeting June 12 with two Frederick County school system officials and two Frederick County Commissioners that they want their children to go to school in their hometown. Mayor William Carr, members of the Emmitsburg School Committee, and a number of residents spoke before Mark Hoke, president of the Board of County Commissioners, Commissioners Ilona Hogan, school Superintendent Jack Dale, and Raymond Barnes, executive director of planning and facilities for Frederick County public schools, at the meeting held in the Emmitsburg Elementary School gymnasium.

                                          – The Emmitsburg Regional Dispatch, July 1997

Mary Rohrbaugh Retires

Mary Rohrbaugh parked her bus and slipped into retirement, “at the top of my game,” she said. She began driving a school bus 44 years ago and drove an estimated 900,000 miles for Frederick County Public Schools, starting when her dad Clarence E. Hahn was a contractor. “Your duty performance has been nothing less than superb over the years,” said H. Michael Deener, transportation manager of FCPS, in his congratulatory remarks at the Bus Drivers banquet. “Your manner is worthy of emulation by others [drivers] and your safety record will be difficult to match.”

                                          – The Emmitsburg Regional Dispatch, July 1997

by James Rada, Jr.

1922 – The marines Conquer Thurmont

More than a quarter of the U.S. Marine Corps arrived in Thurmont on June 25, along with the equipment to outfit an even larger group. They had been on the march for six days. Their ultimate destination was Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, but first, they had to get through Thurmont.

They ran into a slight snag as they passed north along Church Street. The Western Maryland Railway passed over the road about three blocks north of the downtown square, and there wasn’t enough clearance for the trucks carrying the tanks to pass under the bridge. Heavy timbers had to be placed on the back of the trucks to allow the tanks to be unloaded. The trucks and tanks then passed under the bridge separately. On the other side, the tanks were loaded onto the trucks again.

By 2:30 p.m., the Marines marched into a clover field about a mile north of Thurmont and sat down. Camp Haines was erected on the Hooker Lewis Farm. The Baltimore Sun reported that thousands of visitors came out to the camp to watch the evening movies showing the Marines on their march and to listen to the Expeditionary Force Marine Band play. They also joined in singing the Marine Hymn at the end of the concert.

One of the visitors to the camp was Henry Fleagle, a Civil War Veteran who had fought in 26 major engagements with the Seventh Maryland Infantry and emerged unscathed. Fleagle saw that the Marines had to carry very little during their march and remarked, “It is hard to get used to the new ways of doing things. We had to carry everything with us when we marched.”

“But you didn’t have to hike around like this,” one Marine told him.

“Didn’t, eh? Once we did 30 miles a day, and at the end of it, we had to double time three miles to cut off a part of Lee’s army, Son, you don’t know what hiking is,” Fleagle replied.

He told them about fighting in the Battle of Laurel Hill in Virginia during the Civil War when all but four men in his company were killed.

“Once a bullet took my hat away and another time a spent bullet hit me on the shoulder, but it didn’t have force enough to go in. I hope you boys will be as lucky as that if there’s another war,” Fleagle told the gathered Marines.

He shook hands with many of the Marines and officers and told them that there were only nine Civil War Veterans in the county. Then he thought for a moment, and corrected himself, saying that there may have been only eight left.

By the end of the evening, five other Civil War Veterans had visited the camp: Jacob Freeze, “Dad” Elower, Will Miller, William Stull, and Henry Cover.

After eight hours of marching, some of the Marines willingly hiked back into Thurmont to eat a meal that wasn’t camp rations.

“Until late, they could be seen walking by the roadside, while many stood on running boards of touring cars whose occupants had honored the uniform and given the sea soldiers desirous of ‘seeing the town’ a lift to shorten the journey on foot,” The Washington Post reported.

While in Thurmont, some confusion needed to be sorted out between the Marines and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in order for the journey to continue past the Mason-Dixon Line. The Pennsylvania State Highway Department had been told that the Marines were using cleated trucks and tanks that would tear up the road surface. Highway Department officials traveled to Thurmont to inspect the vehicles and make sure that they complied with Pennsylvania law.

As night fell, lights flicked on across the fields, breaking up the darkness. Men made their way back to camp before “Taps” was played. Then they turned in, except for officers who worked on the next day’s plans and night couriers on motorcycles who carried messages north and south.

The next morning, June 26, the Marines made their final 15-mile march through Emmitsburg to Gettysburg, settling in at Camp Harding near the base of the Virginia Memorial on the Gettysburg battlefield. Once there, they would be able to rest somewhat before returning to Quantico.

The morning started off badly when three Marines were injured near Thurmont. The truck in which they were riding went off the road into a ditch on its way to Emmitsburg. The most severe injury sustained among the three men was a fractured shoulder blade.

As the Marines passed through Emmitsburg along Seton Avenue, local Civil War Veterans—Michael Hoke, Jame T. Hostleborn, John H. Mentzer, Thomas E. Frailey, all of whom had served with the First Maryland Cavalry—stood with flags. Mayor J. Henry Stokes, who had three sons who had served in WWI, also greeted the Marines.

At the state line just north of Emmitsburg, the two Maryland state troopers who had been traveling with the Marines to clear the roads in front of them since they had passed into Maryland from the District of Columbia, turned over their duties to seven Pennsylvania state troopers. The Pennsylvania State Police then escorted the East Coast Expeditionary Force on the last leg of their journey on Emmitsburg Road to Camp Harding

Marine Encampment

“Helping You Find Plants That Work”

by Ana Morlier

Flowers of Pride

Happy July, readers! Summer is truly in full swing, with fun festivals and events aplenty. But let’s focus on the main holiday. We’re talking patriotism, fireworks, gatherings, and cookouts galore. I’m talking about the Fourth of July/Independence Day!

Sure, we can find our cookout and summer crops easily at the grocery store. Who can resist the allure of a shiny, promising watermelon near the checkout? Or failing to leave grocery stores without partaking in sales that leave you with more cherries and corn than you could ever wish for (or eat)? Independence day isn’t just about getting together the perfect haul to have a cookout that outdoes your neighbor’s. Our nation’s independence was achieved through hard work. That hard work extended not just through the fight against suppression and corruption, it continued in daily life, too, when colonists didn’t have the amenity of fast transportation or electricity to keep food cold and convenient as we do now. Come with me, readers, on a journey to understand how the colonists also enjoyed summer crops—through the same determined spirit that granted our nation freedom.

Thanks to prior colonization of the Americas from Europeans and other nations, many of the crops of colonial America are quite similar to the ones we have now. Crops raised at this time of year included many summer delicacies such as watermelon, apples, and stone fruits (peaches, plums, nectarines, etc.). These simple fruits may not seem to be a delicacy to us now, since we can easily find any of these year-round—fresh, canned, frozen, or dried, among other preserving techniques. Such crops were certainly precious to colonists lacking refrigeration or advanced farming techniques to keep growing seasons longer. Besides, what tastes better: canned or fresh? I don’t know about you, but canned watermelon doesn’t exactly sound appealing.

Due to the plentiful nature of wild strawberry crops in Maryland, summer tables in the colonies were often graced with cakes and puddings that utilized the sweet and tangy fruit to elevate flavor and appeal. Strawberry tarts were a common favorite. Preserved strawberries were added to spices and, if available, nuts to make the filling and layered with an available biscuit or pie dough.

To accentuate any dish, spice gardens were essential in the colonies. Seasonings such as allspice, ginger, and cloves were used for cooking and curing meat. One could also find salad greens, such as dandelions, sorrel, and cabbage, in addition to herbs, such as marjoram and thyme. Salads could be served cold. However, due to the versatility of the greens and the influence of English cuisine, these greens were often cooked then served. This was known as pot salad and typically filled with rich dressings and served at “supper” midday.

Potatoes and corn were also staples. Cornmeal was commonly used in breakfast breads or chowders. Potatoes were also used in soups and chowders, which were substantial and hearty dishes. Root vegetables, stored or fresh, were also used and complemented soups and chowders (which were popular dishes in Maryland, considering the thriving seafood trade).

The aforementioned fruit, as well as raisins, currants, and cranberries, was commonly utilized in “intermeal eatings” (snacks), especially important in keeping hungry children at bay. Slumps, grunts, and brambles were all synonyms for the same concept of topping fruit with a biscuit dough, then steaming the fruit and dough together, resulting in a sweet-savory confection. Another popular colonial snack was known as “Betties.”

Spiced fruits (usually currants and raisins complemented the dish, but apples were used most commonly) were topped with breadcrumbs. The fruit was the standard source of sweetness, besides molasses. Some desserts (such as apple pie) were even eaten as a main course for suppers—as supplies for it (butter, eggs, flour) were quite expensive or rationed.

I hope you try some of these colonial-era foods! May they inspire you to change up your typical celebration spread and honor our ancestors. Happy Independence Day, readers!

Colonial-era “slumps” with biscuit dough dumplings, topping a blackberry fruit base.

Credit to: Food Timeline: Maryland, Maria Scinto of Our Everyday Life (For colonial pastries), Theresa McCulla of Harvard Library, A Taste of History, and Taste of Home.

By Julie Byrd & Erin Kelly

Realtors, Long & Foster Real Estate, Inc.

The housing market is influenced by the state of the economy. With so many economic developments recently, you may be wondering about the impact on the housing market. To keep you informed, we looked at a few factors that are currently affecting the real estate market.

Rising Mortgage Rates

The recent increase in mortgage interest rates—currently over five percent—are the highest they’ve been in more than 14 years, and these rates are expected to continue to rise throughout the rest of 2022. We have noticed that in some instances, these increasing rates are resulting in hesitant buyers.

Persistent Seller’s Market

It’s still a seller’s market, with low inventory of homes available; however, we are starting to see a shift in the amount of days properties are on the market and the amount of offers coming in. In past months, many homes were going under contract in less than seven days, but we are now seeing homes sit on the market a little longer. We are also seeing fewer offers on available properties—1 or 2, instead of 8 to 10—as had been common. Since real estate is hyper-local though, this trend varies in different areas.

Increased Job Openings

We’re experiencing an all-time high for job openings in the United States. As the job market heats up, employers will be competing for qualified candidates, which should push wages higher.


Inflation, however, is currently outpacing wage increases. But, as it stabilizes, higher wages should boost consumer buying power, helping minimize the affordability issues that come with higher mortgage rates and home appreciation.

The good news is that buying a home is an excellent hedge against inflation. While the amount you’re paying for food, gas, and materials has increased, locking in a 30-year fixed rate mortgage will keep your housing costs steady.

If you’re planning to sell your home while it is still a seller’s market, we would be happy to provide you with a comparative market analysis of your home’s value and guide you throughout the entire process. Alternatively, if you’re planning to buy a home, we can help you prepare, so you’ll be ready to make a winning offer. Our best wishes for a great July!

by Buck Reed

Taco Time

Tacos are a popular street food of Mexico. Although given their slow start since first eaten in the 18th century, they have reached worldwide popularity in a relatively short time. No doubt that there are plenty of restaurants, fast-food establishments, and even food trucks that offer tacos on their menu of various degrees of quality. Let’s face it, we all have our favorites. Given the taco’s popularity, there never was a trending food that screamed out louder: “Make me in your kitchen, too!!” And, given the easy skill set to make this dish, you can make tacos a part of your weekly menu plan.

First, you start with the tortilla, the flat vessel that is used to make this handheld delight a possibility. Choose a soft-shell corn or flour tortilla, or choose a more American crispy corn tortilla already folded for your convenience. You can heat them in the oven to warm them up a bit, or you can wrap the soft shells in a damp towel and them microwave for a short time.

Next are the fillings. Traditional fillings include beef, pork, chicken, turkey, beans, seafood, vegetables, cheese, or almost anything that comes to your mind. Here is where leftovers can be put to great use with a little planning ahead. If you are lighting the grill this weekend, think about adding a pork butt to the fire and cook like you would for pulled pork. Add some Mexican spices and maybe some grilled pineapple to round it out. You now have a pretty good base for a taco night down the line, calling it Al Pastor Tacos (fancy, isn’t it?)! You can also make it in the crockpot with very good results.

Then, you will need condiments. You can make this as complicated as you like and can include shredded lettuce, tomatoes, guacamole, salsas, cole slaw, taco sauces, peppers, onions—the list can be as vast as your imagination, so go wild. Just make sure your condiments match your fillings. For instance, a fish or shrimp taco goes great with a slaw made with cilantro and finished with a taco sauce—this is one of my favorites. Or, think about mashed sweet potatoes with a pork or turkey taco, or use it as a base for a vegetarian taco. Taco time means permission to get that creative mojo working. And, yes, Mojo Sauce is a great condiment for taco night.

When you are in the Taco Zone, thinking outside the box is a natural place to find yourself. Why not a breakfast taco with eggs and condiments of your choice. Hopefully, at this point you can imagine some of your own. And, breakfast-on-the-go might be just what we need to get this economy going. We cannot expect the White House to come up with all the ideas, can we?

Tacos may not be all-American, but they have all the ideals of what we need to make our country great. They are versatile, easily accepted by everyone, can be made to suit all tastes, and easy to make and serve. What is more American than that?

Did you like this article? Do you make tacos at home? Write and let me know or let me know if you have an idea for an article at

by Ava Morlier, Culinary Arts Writer

Happy July! These high temperatures call for a cool and fresh salad. Today’s recipe integrates creamy, fresh, and crunchy elements all into one salad: Creamy Parmesan salad. Easy to make (minimal baking required), rich and tangy (thanks to the dressing), well-flavored (sweet pear enhances the dressing, while the savory parmesan medallions and salty fried onions boost the savory side of the salad), and well textured (the many ingredients provide a myriad of crunchy, soft, and crisp textures). This salad will be sure to satisfy all your taste buds.

The base of the salad is easy to make: simply combine ingredients and dressing and toss together. The top of the salad is up to you to design! Want to make your salad fancy? Try fanning out slices of fruit and meat over the top of the salad; it will add restaurant-quality elegance to the overall aesthetic of your salad. Feel like scattering the toppings free-style? Go ahead! The salad is your blank canvas; any way you arrange the toppings, your salad will turn out delicious. Enjoy the fresh and creamy flavors of this salad and have fun making it.

Creamy Parmesan Salad


For the Cheese Medallions:

½ c. parmesan cheese

For the chicken:

1 chicken tenderloin

salt and pepper to taste


For the Dressing:

1 c. mayonnaise

½ c. sour cream

2 tbsp. milk

1 tsp. Worcestershire sauce

1 tsp. white wine vinegar

½ c. parmesan cheese

¼ tsp. garlic powder

¼ tsp. salt

½ tsp. pepper

For the Salad:

1 heart romaine lettuce

1 Asian pear

½ c. fried onions

½ c. croutons


        Preheat oven to 350o. Line a sheet pan with parchment paper. Divide ½ c. cheese into 3 mounds, spread 2 inches apart from each other on the pan; press mounds into disks. Place pan in the oven and bake for 9 minutes or until golden brown. Take out and let sit for 5 minutes. Set finished medallions aside.

        Start a pan on medium heat. Add oil to the pan. Rub chicken with spices and cook (grill, saute, fry, or bake) until the inside of the chicken is no longer pink. Let sit for 5 minutes.

        Cut the chicken into strips and put in the refrigerator.

        Prepare the dressing: in the container, mix mayo and sour cream. Add the rest of the dressing ingredients and mix until well combined. Cover and refrigerate for later use.

        Prepare the lettuce: wash the lettuce in a salad spinner or rinse in a colander. Get out a new knife and cutting board.

        Cut the heart of romaine: take off the outermost leaves of the romaine and discard. Cut vertical strips down the length of the romaine. Then, cut thin horizontal strips through the romaine, so that thin strips of lettuce come off the heart. Place in a large bowl and repeat until 1 inch from the bottom of the heart of romaine. Put chopped lettuce in the refrigerator for later use.

Cut the pear: Get out a new knife and cutting board. Core the pear and cut the pear in half, laying the flat side of the halves on the cutting board. Cut half of the pear into slices and half of the pear into small cubes, making sure to discard the middle. Set aside.

Make the salad base: In a new large bowl, combine the chopped lettuce, cubed pear, fried onions, and croutons (if serving immediately; if not, omit fried onions and croutons and add both when salad will be served). Add ½ of dressing to the base (add more or less if desired); toss with tongs until dressing coats all the ingredients.

        Turn salad base onto a plate or bowl. Fan out chicken slices on top and artfully arrange cheese medallions, sliced pear, and fried onions on top of the salad base. Serve.

*With credit to Chef Liddick of CTC.

Tools Needed

Dry and liquid measuring utensils, parchment paper, small sheet pan, small skillet, bowl, medium container with spill-proof lid, fork, salad spinner or colander, 3 knives, 3 cutting boards, 2 large bowls, tongs, large plate or bowl.

Navy Vet Tony Ruopoli

by Richard D. L. Fulton

From Beirut to Eritrea

Soon-to-retire and highly decorated Frederick County Deputy, Tony Ruopoli (pictured right), served in the U.S. Navy and has been confronting the “bad guys” for more than four decades, from Lebanon to the highways of Frederick County.

Emmitsburg resident Ruopoli served in the Navy from 1980 until his retirement in 2002. He has served in missions from Lebanon to Somalia to Eritrea, as well as at home, which included recovering a valuable, prototype aircraft involved in a fatal crash in the Potomac River.

Ruopoli, who enlisted in the Navy when he was 17, was initially assigned in 1980 to serve on the U.S.S. Spruance as a mechanical engineer, working on hydraulics and the ship’s diesel engine.

He was serving aboard the Spruance, which was stationed off Lebanon in 1983, as the Lebanese war was erupting, and was present when the U.S.S. New Jersey engaged the enemy, firing her heavy guns for the first time since Vietnam at hostile positions in Beirut.

Also in 1983, Ruopoli was assigned to the U.S.S. Halyburton.  While serving on the Halyburton, Ruopoli was aboard when the ship was dispatched to Granada in October 1983 to support the Marine assault that resulted in the liberation of 36 American students that were being held as hostages by the Grenadian militia. 

During 1985, Ruopoli was assigned to Assault Craft Unit II, a unit that was involved in the invasion of Panama, which ultimately resulted in the surrender of Dictator Manuel Noriega. While with the unit, he was made chief engineer and became the first engineer to qualify as craft master.

Ruopoli was subsequently transferred to the Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit II (MDSU) after having been trained as a Navy diver. When Iran invaded Kuwait in 1991, Ruopoli found himself and other members of MDSU deployed in support of the ensuing military response.

A less pugnacious incident he was assigned was the salvage of a prototype V-22 Osprey (a “tilt-rotor” aircraft), which had crashed on July 21, 1992, into the Potomac River. “We got called to recover the aircraft,” Ruopoli said. By dusk, Ruopoli and his fellow divers had begun recovering pieces of the craft and the bodies of the crew members.

The year 1993 found Ruopoli enroute to Mogadishu, Somalia, to support Seal Teams 2, 4, and 6 in retrieving the remains of the Black Hawk helicopter that had been shot down by Somali militia (subject of the movie Black Hawk Down).

Ruopoli was then assigned to the Navy Medical Research Institute (NMRI) in 1994 to participate in developing protocols for civilian and Navy divers and to help with experimenting with gas mixtures for divers’ tanks. He was also made chief petty officer.

Ruopoli also became involved in recovering debris and bodies from the wreckage of TWA Flight 800, which had exploded and crashed into the Atlantic in 1996 off Long Island, New York. He said the recovery was especially emotional and difficult for him since “a lot of them [victims] were those of kids who were on the plane on a field trip to France.”

When the Eritrean–Ethiopian War broke out in 1998, Ruopoli and other members of his unit were deployed as part of a United Nations operation in an attempt to “assist Eritrea in becoming its own nation and (in assuring) a peaceful separation of Eritrea from Ethiopia,” he said. 

Ruopoli retired from the Navy in 2002, and then attended and completed the Frederick County Sheriff’s Office (FCSO) Academy, becoming a deputy sheriff, a position he continues to hold until he retires in September.

He has received citations (including medals for valor) for numerous acts of heroism while on and off duty, having saved several lives over the years, including an individual rescued from her burning home. As part of his duties with FCSO, he predominantly patrolled the north county, with some of his time on the force devoted to accident reconstruction.

Following his retirement, Ruopoli and his wife, Brenda, intend to continue with their development business, Cherry Blossom Properties.

Sleep Apnea & Natural Ways to Help You Cope With It

by Dr. Thomas K. Lo, Advanced Chiropractic & Nutritional Healing Center

Sleep apnea is a common condition in which a person’s breathing is interrupted or paused during their sleep and is often preceded by heavy snoring. It is most common in men and older people, affecting more than 18 million Americans.

This condition is linked to obesity, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, depression, and other health conditions.

Types of Sleep Apnea

There are three types of sleep apnea: obstructive, central, and complex.    

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type, affecting three to seven percent of the population, and is caused by a blockage in the airway. With obstructive sleep apnea, breathing stops because the throat muscles relax and the airway narrows as you sleep. The person struggles to breathe but cannot inhale effectively because the airway has collapsed.

With central sleep apnea, the airway is not blocked, but the brain does not signal the muscles to breathe. Your brain does not send proper signaling to the muscles that control breathing—your brain does not tell your muscles to breathe. People with central sleep apnea periodically do not breathe at all or breathe so shallowly that oxygen intake is ineffectual.

Complex or combined sleep apnea is a combination of obstructive and central types. This type is often referred to as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea.

Some Causes of Sleep Apnea

Central sleep apnea is usually associated with a serious illness, especially an illness or injury in which the lower brainstem (which controls breathing) is affected. Risk factors include being 65 or older and being male. Other risk factors include having congestive heart failure, having had a stroke, neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s or kidney failure, and using narcotic pain medications.

Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea are mostly due to the narrowing of the airway. Excess weight greatly increases your risk because the fat deposits around your throat and neck can obstruct your breathing.

A narrowed airway can also be due to enlarged tonsils or adenoids. Nasal congestion from seasonal allergies can also cause difficulty in breathing. This increases your likelihood of developing sleep apnea. There is also a close association between obstructive sleep apnea and asthma.

Using alcohol, sedatives, or tranquilizers relaxes the muscles in your throat. Smoking can also cause or worsen your condition.


Symptoms of sleep apnea include severe snoring, excessive daytime fatigue or sleepiness, morning headaches, waking with a dry mouth, irritability, difficulty concentrating, low energy, and unrefreshing sleep.

One of the main symptoms is loud or severe snoring. Gasping for air or choking during sleep. You may awaken out of breath during the night. Usually, people with sleep apnea have difficulty staying asleep.

Sleep apnea also impacts your daytime function, so you may notice excessive daytime sleepiness and difficulty with concentration or attention.

Some Natural Strategies

Some natural strategies may help you achieve optimal sleep. While the following strategies are not FDA-approved to prevent, mitigate, treat, or cure sleep apnea, they can improve overall sleep quality. By addressing factors in your life contributing to sleep apnea, there is a good chance you can lessen the health impact it has on you.

One of the best strategies for improving sleep apnea is to consume a diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods and eliminate foods that promote inflammation. Even healthy foods can be inflammatory if you have a sensitivity or intolerance to that food, so be sure to remove any foods to which you are sensitive.

Healthy fats are an essential part of a healing diet. Healthy fats are found in coconut, olives, avocados, and their oils, as well as in grass-fed butter and ghee. These healthy fats are an efficient source of fuel for the body to combat inflammation and support brain function.

High inflammatory foods that may aggravate sleep apnea are refined sugars and grains and any foods that are easily metabolized into sugar. In addition, highly processed vegetable oils, such as canola, grapeseed, and safflower, are highly inflammatory. They upregulate inflammation and create extra acidity in the tissues.

Foods rich in antioxidants are good to consume. They are found in many fruits and vegetables. Look for colorful fruits and vegetables such as berries, avocados, citrus fruits, spinach, sweet potatoes, kale, and red peppers.

Losing excess weight can be helpful. Around 60-70 percent of people with obstructive sleep apnea are overweight or obese. Weight loss has been shown to be very effective in reducing the symptoms related to obstructive sleep apnea.

Regular exercise is beneficial for preventing and improving sleep apnea. Exercise has many health benefits, including increasing your energy level, helping you lose weight, and strengthening your muscles.

Research shows that diets rich in omega-3 fatty acids are linked to better quality sleep, falling asleep more quickly, and improved daytime performance. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that your body cannot produce. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids are fatty fish such as salmon and sardines, nuts (especially walnuts), and seeds such as flaxseeds and chia seeds. If you opt for a supplement, you will want to find a brand that is molecularly distilled to take out any heavy metals and other unwanted contaminants. If you do take a supplement, be sure to discuss this with your practitioner, as they have a blood-thinning effect and can be contraindicated if you are on blood-thinning medications.

Low vitamin D levels have been linked to obstructive sleep apnea and the activation of numerous inflammatory processes. Low levels of vitamin D can contribute to and worsen the impact of sleep apnea on glucose metabolism.

Ensuring you have healthy levels of magnesium can be helpful in improving sleep apnea. Magnesium is an essential macro-mineral that the body needs in large amounts. Low magnesium levels are linked to poor quality sleep. Foods high in magnesium are dark leafy greens, seeds and nuts, dairy products, and certain vegetables like broccoli. You can also do Epsom salt baths to support your magnesium levels.

Breathing through your nose, rather than your mouth, as you sleep promotes more restful and better quality sleep. When we breathe from our noses, this activates the parasympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system signals rest, regeneration, healing, and digestion. Nose breathing lowers stress hormones, aids digestion and healing, and promotes relaxation.

Mouth breathing, on the other hand, activates the sympathetic nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system activates our fight or flight response, signaling the production of greater amounts of stress hormones and elevating blood sugar. This can interfere with sleep and contribute to sleep apnea.

Signs that you may be breathing from your mouth at night are bad morning breath, dry mouth/thirst in the morning, and poor oral hygiene issues.

Changing your sleep position can relieve obstructive sleep apnea by improving airflow. Sleeping flat on your back causes the throat to relax and block your airway.

Elevating your head and sleeping on your side can prevent relaxed throat muscles from blocking your airway and make breathing easier. Elevating your head around four inches helps your tongue and jaw move forward during sleeping.

Following these additional strategies to improve sleep quality may help improve your sleep apnea. If you are struggling with health issues, call the Advanced Chiropractic & Nutritional Healing Center at 240-651-1650 for a free consultation. Dr. Lo uses Nutritional Response Testing® to analyze the body to determine the underlying causes of ill or non-optimum health.

The office is located at 7310 Grove Road #107, Frederick, MD. Check out the website at

jEanne Angleberger

A homemade smoothie offers the best nutrients. Why?  It’s the ingredients you whip up at home, with no additives! You can make a great-tasting, healthy smoothie in a snap. Homemade smoothies contain little or no added sugar and include a balanced amount of carbs, fiber, protein, and healthy fats. Great fruits to try in your smoothie include apples, bananas, blueberries, peaches, cantaloupe, strawberries, and mangoes, just to name a few. Great veggies to add to your smoothie include zucchini, spinach, cucumber, red beets, and cauliflower, just to name a few.

Fresh fruits are the best when in season. However, frozen fruits are perfect any time of the year. Frozen fruits are just as rich in vitamins and minerals as fresh ones. So, you can enjoy a nutritious smoothie any season throughout the year. Using a frozen fruit blend can get you started. You may want to try one with dark, sweet cherries.

Also, there are frozen fruit-and-vegetable blends. They contain more fruit than vegetables. Dole’s Fruit & Veggie Fruit ‘n Greens has more mango, banana, apple, and pineapple than spinach.

I also add a vanilla-flavored protein powder for additional protein.

If you have fresh bananas, berries, or other fruit on the verge of spoiling, you can freeze them, and they will be ready for a future smoothie!

Banana peanut smoothie is my favorite! It takes four ingredients, plus added protein powder. Combine almond milk, bananas, peanut butter, and ice in a blender. You can reduce calories by replacing the peanut butter with 2 tablespoons of peanut powder. It’s made from pressed, roasted peanuts. To use as a spread, mix 1 tablespoon water to 2 tablespoons peanut powder.

A smoothie is nourishing as a snack, light breakfast, or anytime when you feel a pang of hunger. By combining healthy ingredients, you can make these nutritious drinks to replace your breakfast or lunch; made with the right ingredients, they are satisfying enough to be a meal replacement. Make nutritious smoothies a new addition to your healthiness!

by Valerie Nusbaum

The Yellow Rose

Randy and I haven’t done much traveling during the last five or so years. Between the COVID pandemic restrictions and all the family obligations and crises, we just weren’t able to do it. I miss that a lot and hope that someday soon we can get back on the road again. It’s always fun and exciting to visit places we’ve never been and to have a change of scenery, but for the time being, I’ll have to be content to fondly remember some of the trips we’ve taken over our years together.

One of my favorite trips was to San Antonio, Texas. We had both done some reading about the River Walk, and we thought that would be a good fit for us. From all my research, I deduced that that particular area was a bit upscale, so when I packed my bags, I went with casual but stylish clothes and chose most of my wardrobe in shades of black and white. Black is slimming, after all, and by sticking with one color scheme, I could mix and match pieces and wouldn’t have to take a lot of extra shoes and accessories. That’s me—a real planner. I helped Randy with his packing, too (blue and tan), and we headed to the airport in mid-March.  I don’t remember what year that was, but I do remember thinking that I’d packed well and would look as good as possible.

Randy had made the reservations and travel arrangements. Nevermind that on the plane, Randy got up to use the restroom, and I moved over into his middle seat so that he could sit on the aisle when he came back. The man in the window seat hadn’t spoken a word to Randy in the two hours they’d sat side by side. As soon as my fanny touched the middle seat, the man turned around and proceeded to tell me his life story for the next two hours. Did I mention that he also took off his shoes and displayed his feet?  We happily got off the plane in San Antonio, and our car picked us up to take us to our hotel. 

Our driver’s name was Benito, but he said we should call him “Benny.” Benny handed me his business card and said that I should call him any time we wanted to drive out of the city. His card displayed a photo of him wearing a long cape, and his smile showed very long, very sharp fangs. I guessed that Benny moonlighted as a vampire, and I planned to promptly lose his card. It worried me a bit that he had picked us up in the dark of night, and I prayed that we’d get to our hotel safely and without being bitten.

I suffer from migraines, and the air pressure in the plane along with stress and the climate change had brought one on. My head was pounding and I was feeling nauseated, but I was so very relieved when we pulled up to a shiny, new-looking hotel in the heart of the city, right on the River Walk. I was pretty sure it was the wrong hotel, though, when we walked into the lobby with our bags, and I saw the gorgeous waterfall in the lobby, along with all the glass, brass, and luxury. But, no, my wonderful hubby had actually booked us into a suite there. We headed up to our rooms just in time for me to throw up. It was late, but Randy got us a case of water to drink, and I took some medicine for my headache. He’s a good guy, that Randy.

By morning, I was feeling more normal, and after a lovely buffet breakfast at the hotel (gratis), we struck out on foot to explore. The first order of business was to visit The Alamo. The historic mission and grounds were under renovation at the time, but we were still able to go inside and see everything. It struck me as absurd that such an important piece of history was directly across the street from a Ripley’s Believe or Not museum, but that’s America for you.

Did I mention that my mostly black wardrobe was leaving me a bit hot and sweaty since the temperature in Texas in March that year was over 90 degrees? I ended up going to the mall, also located on the River Walk, and buying some lighter summer clothes.

It was a fun trip, though. We took the water taxi tour all the way up the San Antonio River, which is hardly more than a stream. We did a trolley tour to all the missions, walked to the arts district and visited the galleries, shopped, ate a LOT of Mexican food and barbecue, visited the church where Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie’s remains lie, and had a very good time. We even managed to find a McDonald’s housed in stucco and brick. I had a craving for one of their southwest salads. I know. At lunch another day at yet another Mexican restaurant, Randy paid a mariachi band to serenade me, and their rendition of The Temptations “My Girl” was definitely something to be remembered.

Would I go back to San Antonio?  In a heartbeat, but don’t tell Benny I’m coming.

June 1922, 100 Years Ago

Union Bridge Bank Closes Temporarily

The doors of the First National Bank of Union Bridge were closed on Saturday by order of the directors of that institution. The Baltimore Sun of Sunday last says:

“E. F. Olmstead, cashier of the First National Bank of Union Bridge, has confessed to the board of directors that he is a defaulter to an unknown amount. He admits that he has used the money in speculation.”

                                          – Catoctin Clarion, June 1, 1922

Should Make Repairs

Raising peach trees along the streets is no criminal offense, but when said trees in wet weather forces pedestrians to the edge of a very bad piece of pavement then somthing (sic) is wrong but not with the trees. This refers particularly to the broken and dilapidated condition of the pavement at the H. & F. trolley (sic) station on E. Main street. Do not remove the trees, but replace a little concrete.

                                          – Catoctin Clarion, June 1, 1922

June 1947, 75 Years Ago

Co. Group Asks For New School House

A large delegation of patrons, citing allegedly unhealthy conditions at the Sabillasville school, Wednesday requested the Frederick County Board of Education to consider the construction of a new building at an entirely new location.

                                          – Frederick News, June 5, 1947

Barns Struck, Trees Felled During Storms

…Tons of hail fell in Thurmont Saturday evening, riddling gardens and damaging crops on some farms around the town. The fury of the hailstorm centered in the town. Residents said they could scoop it up in shovels. Potato, tomato, corn, bean and other garden plants were cut off by the large hail stones. Residents said the hail fell thicker in a short time than they had ever seen it fall before.

                                     – Frederick News, June 9, 1947

June 1972, 50 Years Ago

Town Council Hears Flood Complaints Of Emmit Gardens Citizens, Will Act

Former Mayors Guy Baker, Jr. and Samuel Hays were the spokesmen when eighteen residents of Emmit Gardens appeared before the Town Council Monday night. Hays said that eighteen of the thirty-five homes in the development had been affected by Sunday night’s heavy rain and flooding. Seven homes had back up sewage, according to Hays.

The group asked the town council to clean and straighten Flat Run Creek and to assist them to petition the State Roads Adminstration to relieve the bottleneck at the bridge where Flat Run passes under Route 15.

                                          – Emmitsburg Chronicle, June 8, 1972

Mrs. Jones Retires From Town School

Mrs. Alma S. Jones retires at the conclusion of this school year from her position as the librarian of the Emmitsburg Middle School. Mrs. Jones has served Frederick County school 31 years, having begun teaching in 1942. The Emmitsburg PTA gave her a recognition party at which an inscribed silver dish was presented. The school faculty honored her at a party and presented her with the gift of a lounge chair.

                                          – Emmitsburg Chronicle, June 15, 1972

June 1997, 25 Years Ago

“Give Us Back Our Kids!”

A Citizen’s School Committee has planned an open meeting to present and make clear this town’s concern about the future of its school. This open meeting will be held at 7:00 June 12, in the multi-purpose room of the Emmitsburg Elementary School. It is expected that all of the county commissioners will attend and that there will be representatives from the Frederick County Board of Education.

According to committee moderator Mayor Carr, “Our job is to stem the eroding of our kids out of Emmitsburg into the Thurmont School District and then to bring them back to Emmitsburg.”

                                          – The Emmitsburg Regional Dispatch, June 1997

Voter Registration Procedures Changed

At the Public Workshop held May 20th, the commissioners voted to eliminate the Town’s municipal voter registration procedures and utilize the Frederick County voter registration system.

Emmitsburg has been one of 6 municipalities in the county to have their own registration system for town elections.                                                 – The Emmitsburg Regional Dispatch, June 1997

by James Rada, Jr.

1922 – The marines Conquer Thurmont

The U.S. Marines fought valiantly in World War I in places like the Battle of Belleau Wood in France. After the deadly fighting there to drive the entrenched German troops from Belleau Wood, Army General John J. Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Force, said, “The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle.”

However, that didn’t stop Pershing and others from wanting to disband the Marine Corps after the war had been won.

Maj. Gen. John A. Lejeune understood that his Marine Corps needed to fight for survival in the political arena just as hard as they fought on the battlefield. After WWI, as the politicians began speaking about disbanding the Marines, Lejeune devised a campaign to raise public awareness about the Marine Corps.

One of the ways he did this was that instead of going to obscure places to conduct war games and train, he went to iconic places and put the Marines out in front of the public. At the time, the national military parks, such as Gettysburg, were still under control of the U.S. War Department, which meant the Marines could use the parks as a training ground. Lejeune chose to do just that with a series of annual training exercises, which commenced in 1921 with a re-enactment of the Battle of the Wilderness.

Early in the morning of Monday, June 19, 1922, more than 5,000 Marines at the Marine Camp Quantico—more than a quarter of the Corps—marched onto waiting barges supplied by the U.S. Navy. At 4:00 a.m., four Navy tug boats towed eight large barges up the Potomac River toward Washington, D.C. Meanwhile, tanks and artillery pieces towed by trucks rolled out along the Richmond Road, headed for the same destination. Unlike a typical invasion, the Marines gave consideration to any possible damage they might cause to the roads. They removed the steel cleats and spikes from the tractor and tank treads. Only the smooth steel under-surface of the belts would be in contact with the road.

The march involved the entire Fifth and Sixth Regiments, a squadron of the First Marine Air Wing and elements of the Tenth Marine Artillery. The (Baltimore) Sun noted that these Marines were ready for anything and had pretty much cleaned out Quantico of anything that could be moved. “The 5,000 men are carrying the equipment of a complete division of nearly 20,000. In the machine-gun outfits especially the personnel is skeletonized, while the material is complete. Companies of 88 men are carrying ammunition, range finders and other technical gear for companies of about 140,” the newspaper reported.

The Marines spent their first night at East Potomac Park, south of the Washington Monument. Once they had fully set up camp, they marched past the White House and were reviewed by President Warren G. Harding and other dignitaries.

“Observers declared that this is the first time that troops have passed in review through the White House grounds since the Civil War,” the Marine Corps Gazette reported.

It took half an hour for the Marines to pass, as the 134-piece combined Marine bands played music.

On June 20, the Marines marched to Bethesda. The following day, they marched to Gaithersburg, where they spent two nights. On June 23, they marched to Ridgeville. Then the next day, it was Frederick.

From Frederick, the Marines marched 18 miles to Thurmont. It was the longest hike of the entire march. Besides being the longest hike of the week, June 25 occurred on the hottest day of the march. The heat rippled above the macadam road, reflecting, and seemingly baking, the Marines.

A near accident at the camp in Thurmont was an omen for the problems the Marines would soon face. Lt. Goodyear Kirkman flew up to the Thurmont campsite early in the morning in one of the Marine airplanes. He experienced a hard landing on the field and sustained a broken tail skid and air-line to the plane, ruining the carburetor. He needed to return to Frederick, but he had no means of getting there if he didn’t fly. He quickly came up with a daring idea.

 “He took off from Thurmont, controlling his ship with one hand and pumping air with the other, using hand apparatus in place of the broken mechanism. He had to keep pumping furiously all the way. But he made Frederick, landed safely and collapsed from exhaustion,” The Sun reported.

The Marines sang when they left Frederick to say goodbye to the city, and they were singing as they entered Thurmont and the last mile of the hike around 1:45 p.m. It announced their arrival into the town, which was obvious since there were nearly five times as many Marines as there were town residents.

“Everyone from the small boy to the aged veteran was up and out to await and see the soldiers. Sunday School and church attendance suffered severely, and no doubt the few who did attend wished they were out on the street. Many persons remained in town preferring to miss their dinners rather than miss seeing this great military outfit arrive. Every porch along the State Road was crowded with people watching the passing trucks,” the Catoctin Clarion reported.

The Marines had arrived.

Marines arriving at Camp Haines in Thurmont, June 25, 1922.

Marine Troop movement through town.